Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (August 24, – November 27, ) was an American adult educator, famous for the adoption of the theory of andragogy—initially a term coined by the German teacher Alexander bignightout.infos is credited with being a fundamental influence in the development of the Humanist Learning Theory and the use of learner constructed contracts or plans to guide learning Alma mater: Harvard University, University of Chicago. May 09, · Malcolm Shepherd Knowles ( – ) was an American educator well known for the use of the term Andragogy as synonymous to adult education. According to Malcolm Knowles, andragogy is the art and science of adult learning, thus andragogy refers to any form of adult learning. (Kearsley, ).Author: Christopher Pappas.
Malcolm Sheperd Knowles contributed many great works to the field of adult education. His "stamp" on the field is the subject of andragogy, of which he is considered the "Father of Andragogy."Knowles expressed and taught on his strong beliefs that students should be self-directed learners, a concept that was unfamiliar; and sometimes unacceptable during his time. Knowles, M. S. (, ) The Modern Practice of Adult Education. Andragogy versus pedagogy, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall/Cambridge. pages. Malcolm Knowles altered the subtitle for the second edition to From pedagogy to andragogy. Famous as his statement of andragogy – however, there is relatively little sustained exploration of the.
last several decades (Knowles, ). The field of Adult Education and adult educators have become increasingly interested in self-directed learning since the s (Long, ). Self-directed learning is a process frequently associated with the field of Adult Education. The process occurs when: Individuals take the initiative, with or without. TEAL Center Fact Sheet No. Adult Learning Theories. The modern practice of adult education: Andragogy versus pedagogy (Rev. and updated ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Cambridge Adult Education. Knowles, M. (). Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers.
Nola Pender, a nurse, developed the health promotion model in Knowles, M. (). The modern practice of adult education: From pedagogy to andragogy. New York: The Adult Education Company. [Context Link] Knowles, M. (). The adult learner: A neglected species. appear to facilitate the process (Berte, ; Knowles, ). Other new dimensions of adult educa tion that perhaps should be mentioned as having a relationship to "Education: The Lifelong Quest," although they have been on the scene for some time, include the extensive programs of adult basic educationAuthor: Malcolm S. Knowles.