May 09, · The Adult Learning Theory - Andragogy Malcolm Shepherd Knowles ( – ) was an American educator well known for the use of the term Andragogy as synonymous to adult education. According to Malcolm Knowles, andragogy is the art and science of adult learning, thus andragogy refers to any form of adult bignightout.info: Christopher Pappas. While the first three models of adult education are all based on a set of deficit assumptions, Model Four is profoundly appreciative in nature—focusing on assets rather than deficits. Model One (Pedagogy) assumes that the learner (often young) needs to acquire certain knowledge or master certain skills in order to become a successful citizen, employee, professional, spouse, parent, etc.
There are many different theories of adult learning, including: andragogy, neuroscience, experiential learning, self-directed learning, and transformational learning. All these theories have one goal: they help you create effective learning experiences for the adult corporate learner. Sep 30, · Andragogy (Adult Learning Theory) Andragogy, also known as adult learning theory, was proposed by Malcom Shepard Knowles in Previously, much research and attention had been given to the concept of pedagogy – teaching children. Knowles recognized that there are many differences in the ways that adults learn as opposed to children.
There is NO one adult learning theory. There are several prevalent theories that all explain— from different perspectives—how adults learn. In this article specifically we will address: 1) andragogy, 2) experiential learning, 3) transformational learning. There are many other theories though! Cross () presents the Characteristics of Adults as Learners (CAL) model in the context of her analysis of lifelong learning programs. The model attempts to integrate other theoretical frameworks for adult learning such as andragogy (Knowles), experiential learning (Rogers), and lifespan psychology. The CAL model consists of two classes of variables: personal characteristics and situational.